ICWC TRAINING CENTER WORKSHOP «PRINCIPLES AND APPROACHES TO INTERNATIONAL
In period 24-28 of March 2003 workshop under program “Principles and
approaches to international business accounting” took place in ICWC Training
Students were representatives of financial administration at Central-Asian
organizations. They considered prepared reports and actively discussed international
business accounting background described.
Workshop participants had opportunity to repeat studied material by means of
practical exercises on international accounting.
Students noted wide program thematic scope of accounting issues based on international
They also noted that currently there are so many differences between national
and international norms of accounting and gave following recommendations:
1. It is necessary to create virtual version of training program on international
2. Organize workshop on taxation and economic assessment of organizations.
STATUTORY MEETING OF WATER USERS ASSOCIATION
Statutory meeting on Water Users Association (WUA) establishment under “IWRM-Ferghana” Project
was held on April 11 in Jabbar-Rasulev rayon.
WUA was organized according to system principle and formed around secondary
canals “Ak-kalya” and “Bystrotok” with inflow from
Gulyakandoz Canal. These canals irrigate 12 dekhkan farms of former collective
farm “Bobo Khamdamov” and one dekhkan farm (brigade) in “Leningrad” farm.
Above mentioned farms were representatives of this WUA.
Other WUA co-founder became J. Rasulev rayvodkhoz transferring inter-farm irrigation
canals “Ak-kalya” and “Bystrotok” to WUA balance and
taking responsibility for their operation and maintenance financing for next
On WUA statutory meeting water users were represented by 13 delegates with
casting vote and 52 delegates with consultative vote from all farms.
Beside delegate-waster users and representatives from J. Rasulev rayvodkhoz,
from rayon administration Chief of Organizational Unit at Khukumat Sabirov
M., Head of rayon agriculture division Samiyev M., Head of Sogd oblvodkhoz
Mukhidinov Kh.I., Deputy Head of oblvodkhoz Khojiyev Kh.R., executors of “IWRM-Ferghana” project
from SIC ICWC and IWMI were presented on the meeting.
Specialists of “IWRM-Ferghana” Project made reports for participants.
On this meeting elections of members for WUA Council, Audit and Arbitrage Commission,
WUA Council Chairman, and WUA Executive Director. It was decided to call pilot
WUA in J. Rasulev rayon, Sogd oblast – WUA “Obi Zarafshon”.
Institutionally WUA “Obi Zarafshon” structure consists of general
meeting of WUA members (supreme WUA body), WUA Council, Audit and Arbitrage
Commission that work on voluntary basis. WUA Council subordinates executive
body headed by WUA Director. Executive body staff is as follows: Chief Irrigator,
Chief Hydrometrist, economist-accountant-staff expert (in one person), Chief
Mechanic, guard, and charwoman, production-linear service with hydrosites ?1,
?2, each of them has one hydrometrist, hydro engineer, and two monitors. Repair-construction
group may be created within executive body staff. Its staff number depends
on amount and costs of planned works.
Total WUA irrigated area is 1050 ha, on hydrosite #1 – 453 ha (“Ak-kalya” Canal),
hydrosite #2 – 597 ha (“Bystrotok” Canal).
Total cost estimate of works over WUA “Obi Zarafshon” for a year
is 27867 somoni, from which water users take responsibility for carrying out
by own forces activities related maintenance and cleaning up of irrigation
network in total amount 9668 somoni. Moreover Rayvodkhoz compensates operation
and maintenance costs of “Ak-Kalya” and “Bystrotok” canals
transferred to WUA in amount 6447 somoni. Regarding to corrections WUA takes
from water users for services 11752 somoni, that is annual costs per 1 ha of
irrigated land, taken from WUA members, are 11.2 somoni/ha.
Obtained indicator was approved by general meeting.
So, this is second WUA created within framework of “IWRM-Ferghana” Project.
CONFERENCE ON THE ARAL SEA BASIN PROBLEMS
From 4 to 8 of April International scientific-practical conference organized
by Embassy of France in Uzbekistan together with Scientific and Technology
Center at Cabinet of Ministers and Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, under
technical assistance of SIC ICWC was held in Bukhara. National Research Centers
of two countries – France (CNRG) and Germany (DFG) – gave financial
Conference theme is implementation of program “The Aral Sea Basin”,
which is carried out by one of European Union initiative – INTAS. This
initiative includes 19 projects on four basic aspects: climate, agriculture,
water, and health. In Aral Sea region 112 INTAS research groups including 24
from Uzbekistan carry out works.
SIC ICWC presented 2 INTAS projects (#1059 and #0511) and Copernicus Project.
Professor V.A. Dukhovny presented introductory report “7 years of cooperation
with European Union”.
Under INTAS Project PhD I.B. Ruziyev and V.G. Prikhod’ko presented results
of comparing ecological and social-economic changes in South and North Priaralie
zones under impact of Aral Sea level decline.
Under INTAS Project –0511 PhD A.I. Tuchin made a report and underlined
set of measures on improving situation in South Priaralie.
Next days of conference presentations on 19 INTAS projects and 3 Copernicus
projects were made by hydrogeologists, doctors, biologists, zoologists, archeologists
that is experts from many fields of knowledge that is underlined by complex
analysis of situation in the Aral Sea basin. Everybody has only one concern – environmental
situation in Aral zone aggravated so much that goes beyond Central-Asian region
and became global problem. Its negative impact today is reflected on population
health and genetic fund of future generations as well as in climate change
and biological balance change.
Reports presented in field of public health submitted results of studies of
harmful substances impact, which are in atmosphere, water sources, on population
living in Priaralie zone. Here trends are following: number of cases of lungs,
blood, gastrointestinal diseases sharply increased that is related to, first
of all, bed quality of drinking water. In period of virus epidemics their concentration
in water sharply increased. Cases of hepatitis A was less noted in rayons,
which were more distant from water sources. High pesticide concentration in
soil, water leads to fatal result of pregnancy in 15% of studied cases and
decline of infant weight. Studied level of children intellectual development
(IQ) appeared to be lower average compared with peers in more distant areas
Conclusion can be made that investing in water quality the state would save
in public health.
Unfortunately, all works related to water quality (desalinating plants, electric
dialysis) still have laboratorial, at the best, experimental-production nature.
There is need in financing and concern of local bodies to bring them into practice.
In reports related to study of artesian deposits’ expert-hydrologists
express misgivings that ground water salinization in artesian waters formation
zones can result in degradation of their deposits. There is irrational treatment
of artesian wells use, when daily flow of qualitative drinking water and its
release to collector-drainage network, and then use for irrigation occur.
Projects oriented on biological aspects are connected with growing of transgenic
plants in Aral region, with plant response for stresses (specifically – for
salt). It was identified that the most salt-resistant crop is barley, then
tomatoes and cotton, and the least salt-resistant – rice and wheat.
On project–1039 Prof. Late presented report related to development of
set of models. This system consists of hydrological block, which includes management
by Amudarya water resources downstream Darganata, including lateral inflow
capacity with low discharge; environmental block (tugay woods study) and in
future it is planned to introduce social-economic block. All set of models
was presented as tool for decision-making support, but, unfortunately, it has
no and doesn’t plan linkage between water management and energetic use
of Amudarya flow, and regulating abilities of Nurek long-term storage located
upstream are ignored.
In the last day of conference practical German-Uzbek Project GTZ implementing
wide-scale forest reclamative works on dried bed of the Aral Sea south part
was presented. During 2.5 year they deforested about 15 th.ha, and this is
real contribution in solution of social and environmental issues of Karakalpakstan
In conclusion at round tables organized in accordance with 4 basic trends prior
issues were defined for further studies. INTAS Executive Secretary Zh. Sinnav
considered such issues as issues related to, first of all, water quality and
integrated water use, etc. He also expressed wish to generalize materials and
data for forming single information database as many programs, in particular,
connected with modeling, were based on out-of-date data (1980-1990).
Director of the program “Aral Sea basin” PhD A. Sempere promised
that all presentations and conference resolution will be placed on INTAS Web-site.
During conference excursions over architectural monuments of Bukhara, cotton
processing factory, and visit of ecological farm were organized.