Knowledge Base “Water and Land Resources Use in the Aral Sea Basin”
Knowledge Base includes the following sections:
The knowledge base also includes the results of the past field studies on irrigation and drainage in the region..
Inclusion of those studies proceeds from a need to ensure the intergenerational continuity. Recently, most graduates of higher education institutions have been coming to water-management organizations without knowledge of experience in irrigation and drainage as gained in Central Asia over the past 20-30 years. It is assumed also that earlier research works are unknown to most foreign specialists who try to assist the Central Asian states in solving water and environmental problems in the Aral Sea basin.
In the database, information being of current interest for Central Asian countries as well as for other regions has been gathered on problems related to desertification, including its monitoring; the effect of irrigation on surface and groundwater and the Aral Sea, etc. The knowledge base will provide users (scientists, experts, ecologists, politicians, and whole society) with necessary and easily accessible information for rational use of water and land resources.
It should be noted once again that the main objective of the knowledge base should be to disseminate advanced experiences, achievements, and methodologies in the field of water sector (specific examples of problem solving, description of pilot projects and so on), distributed through knowledge tree branches (by subheadings): irrigation, drainage, hydro structures, etc.
Knowledge Base “Integrated Water Resources Management: Central Asian Experience”
This knowledge base is aimed at a wide range of specialists–water management professionals, including policy-makers in the water sector who define trends and meaning of modern reforms of water governance and management.
At the same time, this knowledge base is also intended for a wide range of civil society’s representatives interested in proper implementing water management reforms. A content of this knowledge base allows our users to be imbued with recognizing that civil society and nature face the serious problems related to water resources all over the world.
At present, these challenges cannot be efficiently tackled using the customary, prevalent during last decades, traditions, governance structure, and methods of water management. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is here treated as a new promising approach to solving the abovementioned problems. First findings of introducing this new approach in Central Asia are generalized in the present knowledge base.
Knowledge Base “International and National Water Law”
International water law concerns the rights and obligations that exist, primarily between States, for the management of transboundary water resources. Such legal rules and principles are dedicated to preventing conflict and promoting cooperation of shared water resources
International water law has evolved and crystallized through state practice and the codification and progressive development efforts undertaken by the United Nations and private institutions.
The treaty practice in this area encompasses a broad range of instruments, from general agreements (which provide basic principles for water resource development) to specific ‘contractual’ type legal and technical arrangements (which set forth detailed operational schemes).
While water users compete for the same resource and struggle for increasing control, they also need to cooperate if they want to make effective use of water and sustain the water’s quantity and quality in the long run. This often occurs in ‘pluralistic’ legal contexts, where formal and informal normative systems sometimes clash.
The Knowledge base contains the generalized information about the international water law and national water laws of the Central Asian states.
Knowledge Base “Land Law”
Land law is the branch of law that governs social relations in the implementation of property rights and other interest in property related to the land and land surveying, the characteristics of civil turnover of land, restrictions on the use of land as a unique natural object, as well as activities of public authorities to ensure the rational use and protection of land.
The knowledge base contains the generalized information about the national land laws of the Central Asian states.
Knowledge Base “Land Reclamation and Irrigated Agriculture”
The knowledge base covers all issues related to irrigated agriculture and reclamation, summarizing particularly the experience of the Central Asian states.
in Russian only
Knowledge Base “Waterworks Safety”
This knowledge base deals with the safe and reliable operation of hydraulic structures, as well as mutually beneficial cooperation in this field relevant for the countries of Central Asia.
Knowledge Base “Gender and Water”
The knowledge base contains information relevant for both the Central Asian republics and other regions on issues of gender equality and women’s role in water sector.
Knowledge Base on Afghanistan
The knowledge base contains collection of books, reports, monographs, papers, declarations, international agreements concerning of Afghanistan.